The United States government believes that the spread of nuclear energy technology will help prevent nuclear proliferation through the conception of a international fuel bank. Such has been proposed by the Nuclear Threat Initiative and would be administered by the International Atomic Energy Agency. The concept behind an international fuel bank would be that multilateral fuel supplies could be better and more effectively monitored.
The increase of global interest in nuclear power has alarmed some experts and observers in the highly potential spread of nuclear technology in the coming years which would have the consequence of increasing nuclear proliferation. The latter concern is especially concerned with Middle East countries in Iran’s nuclear program and Israel's presumed nuclear weapons may influence neighboring states to seek nuclear energy technology as a pretense to seek nuclear weapon technology as a method to counter the already existing nuclear states.. Other concerns of new nuclear energy programs in the region have been based on the security regional instability issues. In response to such concerns, UAE officials have stated that such potential issues are being considered by the UAE government. Yet despite proclaiming strategies to address proliferation and security concerns have not yet become tangible despite their plan of establishing a turnkey plant before 2017.
It addition, is is possible to conclude that another agenda of the United States is to strengthen a new global market for nuclear technology. It is reasonable to speculate that such an agreement is relate to strengthening bilateral trade with the two countries. The United Arab Emirates is the largest export market in the Middle East region for American experts. In 2008, US exports were valued over 15.7 billion, which included a two year $19.4 billion in arms sales to the UAE which included the first overseas sale of the Terminal High Altitude Air Defense system.
The fusion of nuclear technology to increase bilateral trade under the pretense of preventing nuclear proliferation efforts has the potential to inhibit the latter objective. The public as well as the government needs to be vigilant on this cooperation agreement and future ones hurtt that an increase in a search for new markets and exports will not compromise the need for sufficient nuclear technology security.
By Gabriella Nolan, Fellow